I’ve lived in Carmel for over 50 years, Cilgwyn is where I was raised
Well done, and you’re in Plas Gwilym now.
Yes, I’m in Plas Gwilym now.
And I was at home in Cilgwyn and I'm at home here too remember.
Have you always spoken Welsh?
I'll tell you, my Mum was South Walian and dad from Penygroes, here
I went to school at the age of four and got a slap on my hand for speaking Welsh.
And speaking my mother’s Welsh, I was
"tefe", "dan staer" for 'under the stairs’ but I didn’t know that I was wrong.
And I went home and said, and my dad said, "Where did you get the slap?"
"On my hand, here”
And then he got angry.
Then he turned to us, we were four children, and mum was there.
"There is no word of Welsh in this house from now on.
You all speak English”
To tell the truth, at the age of four, I didn't really know what he was thinking
I probably wasn't supposed to know.
And he says "Out with the children you will be allowed to speak Welsh as you can and as
you want, but Morfydd must learn correct Welsh
she’s not getting a slap again”
And I played with the kids and I picked it up just fine.
And do you speak Welsh to everyone everyday here?
But, if there's someone English there and wants me to reply, I do but
I prefer Welsh
I would speak English, I can, because Mum turned to English at that time of
language of the ‘south’.
Then English is at the top of the list in the way I can, but Welsh beats it.
But I don't know, if I was here and everything was in English, I don't think I could
it would be good for nothing for me.
You know when you're going to see Dr Britto now and you know
that you have to speak English with him.
How do you feel about that?
Well, I have freedom, don’t I
I could say in English to him "I'm sorry, I can't speak English, only that."
And he would fetch one of the girls to talk to me and for her to tell him what I was
But I don’t need that, I can speak English for myself.
But I don’t know, it doesn’t come naturally.
To us Welsh, it doesn’t.
Do you feel more confident in Welsh?
The thing is, when you're Welsh you feel, especially in central Wales,
"Oh, I’m home.
"I’ve got the right to speak how I want".
You see, it brings back to me what that teacher did, give me a slap for
not speaking correctly.
In a way I've always been careful how I speak.
The words have to be right.
Do you speak Welsh everyday here, Will?
Every day, nothing else but Welsh.
How do you feel about Welsh, Will?
Well, that's the language I was born with.
My mum and dad and grandparents
I am Welsh through and through
I prefer to speak Welsh than English.
Do you think it makes a difference, Will, to the way you live and your care
if you can't speak Welsh every day to people?
Yes, no doubt.
I wouldn’t feel happy.
I’m happy here, everyone here is Welsh.
Everyone, staff and residents.
It makes a lot of difference.
In what way?
Well, it’s my language - Welsh.
I go to another language when I speak English.
And I often don't know how to put things across from Welsh to English.
Do you know what I mean?
If I want to say something in Welsh I can say it, but if I want to
say the same thing in English, I have to think.
Can you still speak English?
Not good English, but I can communicate
You know when you chose to come to live in Plas Gwilym, was it important to
you that it’s a Welsh home?